Preterm birth complications cause approximately 27% of newborn deaths and 60-90% of newborn deaths occur in low birth weight (LBW) babies, making LBW a major contributor to neonatal mortality. First introduced in 1978 in Colombia, KMC is an easy and inexpensive intervention that effectively uses skin-to-skin contact to improve very small newborns’ chances of survival. This skin-to-skin contact promotes warmth and regulates the baby’s temperature (including effectively preventing and treating hypothermia), encourages weight gain and uptake and duration of breastfeeding, and reduces infection. Because of its ease and low cost, KMC can effectively be applied health facilities in low resource countries. KMC also has the potential of being applied and replicated in home and community settings.